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Oil Knowledge

Most of China's oil

更新时间:2014-04-09 14:52:01点击次数:1721次

  Oil

  1 , "well" first appeared in China in 1041 AD in Sichuan , " Zhuo Tsutsui ," depth of five Shiyu Zhang .

  2 , China's first oil wells - "Miao 1 well" , and deep 120m, daily oil production 0.75t / d. 1878 Miaoli hired two American oil field technician , drilling rigs purchased a U.S. Dayton drilled , is also China's first port Dayton drilling .

  3 , China 's first oil well - " an extension of the well ," the depth of over 80 meters , Nissan oil 1 ~ 1.5t / d. 1907年5 June to 6 September drilled , is to extend the oil field technician employed by Japan and seven technicians, drill rigs to complete the purchase of Japanese Dayton .

  4 , China by "digging oil machine ," the first well was dug a well Dushanzi oil wells 20 meters deep , dug by Russian aircraft was completed in 1909,

  5 , Chinese date the highest oil production wells - " ancient pile No. 10 Well ." The well is located north of the Yellow River estuary Shengli Oilfield new exploration area in 1984, March 8 Sunrise oil daily production of 3,600 tons at the beginning , Nissan 360,000 cubic meters of natural gas .

  6 , China's first ultra-deep mouth and - "off base well" , depth 7175m, 1978年9月8日drilled , drilled by the Sichuan Bureau of 7001 and the team finished .

  7 , China rod pump production technology , beginning in May 1940 for Laojunmiao Yumen Oilfield .

  8 , China's first port of Nissan one thousand tons of oil well - " Well Tuo 11 " 1965 February 1 Sunrise oil , is SHENGTUO oilfield Shengli Oilfield .

  9 , China's first offshore exploration well mouth - "Sea a well" '1967 June 14 Sunrise oil , is Dagang oil region .

  10 , China's first sea port directional wells - "Sea oblique 1 well ", " Bohai No.1" by the Dagang oilfield drilling platform in May 1968 to complete .

  11 , China 's deepest horizontal wells - " Dan, 21 horizontal wells ," by the Sichuan Bureau of Mine 60136 drilling crew in southern Sichuan January 17, 1992 to May 16, 1993 to complete , depth 363m, maximum inclination 94 °, horizontal section length 311m. The well while creating the eye level of Chinese φ152.4mm longest hole section , the maximum gradient wells in hard formations , high-pressure zone of high density mud horizontal wells drilled into the national record. Is also the first port of southern Sichuan gas rotary rig drilled horizontal wells.

  12 , China's first port of gravel to fill horizontal wells - "South Weixinan 1 a 4-A13" horizontal wells . December 2, 1992 a December 19 drilled and deep 1718m, the vertical depth of 988.16m, horizontal section length 454m, the maximum deviation angle 93.4 °, horizontal displacement of 1063m, making the maximum slope of 3.76 ° / 10m, screens completed.

  13 , China 's most well big seas

  ( 1 ) Bohai Sea

  A, invited the Gulf basin

  December 2, 1966 completed first drilling platform , drilling of the first exploration wells 11 " Sea 1 well ." December 31, 1966 to May 6, 1967 drilled , well depth 2441m, 6月12 Sunrise oil , Nissan 30t / d.

  B, Liaodong Bay

  The first day wildcat - "Liao 5 Well" 1979 March 14-April 9 drilled , well depth 214.5m.

  ( 2 ) Tokai

  The first exploration wells - "Dragon 1 well ," December 16, 1980 to February 12, 1991 drilled , well depth 3469.44m.

  Taiwan Strait - Taihsi basin first exploration wells - "Dong 1 well ."

  ( 3 ) South China Sea

  The first exploration wells - " Pearl 1 well ," 1977, October 11-November 29 drilled , well depth 1847.02m.

  A probe and the North Bay - " Bay 1 well ," August 1977 0 Sunrise oil , crude oil production of 20 tons / day, 9,490 cubic meters of natural gas daily production . This is the first discovery of oil and gas in northern Gulf . This well built by the Singapore " Nanhai One" jackup drilling and drilling vessels .

  ( 4 ) Yellow

  14 , the highest annual China , the development of the largest oil and gas reserves are the largest oil region is " Daqing " oil region , 1992 annual output of 55,658,000 tons ; invest in developing area 1573.72KM2; proven oil-bearing area 2646.97KM2, proven geological reserves of 499,373 tons; proven natural gas reserves of 329.892 billion m 3, the proven gas-bearing area 224.5KM2.

  15 , Chinese oil wells most, the highest daily oil production ( gas production ) , the largest oil geological reserves of oil is the most rich strings - Lasaxing Daqing Oilfield Oilfield . By the end of 1990 , production of oil wells 15778 , 10956 of which wells ( 1,945 pump wells , pumping wells 8228 ) , injection wells 4822 ; Lang oil exploration area 920.3KM2: crude oil reserves 417426 × 104t; daily oil production of 14 × 104t; daily gas production 23.63 × 108m3 / d.

  16 , up to an annual output of natural gas in Sichuan China oil region , 1992 annual 6.505 billion cubic meters of natural gas .

  17 , China's largest offshore gas field in the South China Sea , " Cliff 13 a 1" gas field . When the China National Offshore Oil Corporation and the United States ARCO , Kuwait National Petroleum Company in June 1983 in the South China Sea, parts of the ocean , cooperation in oil and gas exploration and discovery. Reserves of 100 billion cubic meters , can produce 3.4 billion cubic meters of gas per year , June 26, 1993 , Industrial and Commercial Bank of China to provide huge loans of $ 530 million , since the bank was founded biggest foreign currency loans.

  18 , China 's largest gas filled day is " Weiyuan " Liaohe oil province of proven natural gas reserves 408.61 × 108M3.

  19 , China's largest oil and gas field gas layer is " booming Taiwan" oil and gas fields in the Liaohe oil proven reserves 170.58 × 108m3.

  20 , China's first high pour point oil production base - " Shenyang Oil Production Plant " Liaohe oil region.

  21 , China's first desert oilfield is ready Zhundong put into the development of the company in 1992 , "Cai Fu oil ."

  22 , China's largest offshore oilfield - " Liuhua 1 a 1" oilfield development area 317KM2, controlling geological reserves of 233 million cubic meters of oil . The field was discovered in January 1987 , and in 1993 put into development cooperation by the China National Offshore Oil Nanhai East Corporation and Amoco Orient Petroleum exploration . The field is located in the South China Sea 29/ 04 contract area , depth 305m.

  23 , China's first Sino-foreign joint development of offshore oil fields - " Chengbei oilfield in Bohai " geological reserves of more than 2000 tons.

  24 , the first Chinese onshore foreign cooperation area is located in the northern region of Hainan Island Fukuyama , area 2812KM2. Petroleum Development Company of China and Australia, CSR Group in September 1985 officially begins.

  25, a South China Sea oil field - " WZ 10 ~ 3 oilfields ," in October 1986 15 H production by France's Total dry .

  26 , China's first commercial oil field - " Huizhou 21 -1 oilfield ," began in 1990 out of oil.

  27 , China Oilfield highest elevation - " Yumen oil region " , with an average elevation of 2400 a 2900m.

  28 , the lowest elevation China Oilfield 11 " Liaohe oil province " , with an average altitude of 20m.

  29 , China 's first self-made " float " type drilling unit , the Maoming Petroleum Geological Survey in 1964 and 1965 successfully developed. With two 500 t overshot as a basis, the link with the angle into a platform , and then a B- 1200m drilling rig . The device in the village of Yingge Sea waterway estuary offshore 4KM, at the depth of 15m , drilled three offshore exploration wells , of which 2 sea oil wells .

  30 , China's first drilling ship - " Bohai No. 1, jackup rigs ," in 1973 to design and manufacture a success.

  31 , China's first marine geological exploration pontoons - exploration on the 1st boat, December 30, 1974 the first successful test drilling at sea .

  32 , China 's first underground oil storage seal holes in Shandong Huangdao put into operation .

  33 , China's first set of " pigging technology device" , in 1966 to design and manufacture by the Sichuan Bureau of success.

  34 , China 's first national large flow of crude oil to pick up the computer fixed station established in Daqing Oilfield January 23, 1985 .

  35 , China 's first natural gas depot in May 1980 and put into use in Daqing Oilfield . ( The library built in 1975 , five years probation ) .

  36 , China's only one horizontal directional drilling , since the 1986 introduction of the domestic large and medium have been crossing the river 11 ( times ) more than the cumulative total length of 1.1 × 10m3. The largest rivers of the Yellow River , Yellow River, Songhua , through the maximum diameter Ф0820mm. This RB -S rig , the entire rig weighs 400 tons, pushing or pulling 444 × 104N, manufactured by American Lidingbeici companies.

  37 , China 's largest geological data computer processing center is located in Zhuozhou City, Hebei Province .

  38 , China 's first 1.4 million tons of heavy oil hydrotreating unit on November 20, 1991 the company completed the victory in the Qilu Petrochemical Refinery .

  39 , China 's first offshore oil platform simple , April 11, 1993 trial mining success. The platform developed by the Shengli Petroleum Administration , the number two in the victory , the victory of fourth place at sea and other platforms have a successful production test , marking the shallow offshore production headquarters are in full swing .

  40 , China 's first modern 10 -ton deep-water oil Dalian Xingang Port eleven at June 6, 1976 built.

  41 , Chinese production logging deepest wells 11 " East River Tarim Khouang No.1 Well" , depth of 5800m, the Xinjiang Petroleum Administration Production Logging Application DDL team Ⅲ introduce a combination instrument created in 1991.

  42 , China 's first new model of conglomerate reservoir development , mainly in the reservoir classification, the classification of reservoir pore structure characteristics and classification of law aspects ; parameters and quantitative description of the relationship aspect ; conglomerate of heterogeneous features and aspects of the law ; technically the key quantitative three-dimensional geological modeling and computer processing systems have a breakthrough. And to clarify the basic characteristics of the system and the development of all aspects of the law of conglomerate reservoir in water flooding mechanism , water sports and the Xin , injection capacity , recovery , pressure systems , the development of systematic reviews and the whole process of development methods , reservoir simulation and other aspects of a major breakthrough , which is the result of the Xinjiang region in March 1993 Shantou obtained .

  43 , China 's first integrated logging tool SYZ5140TCJ type car , on March 18, 1993 was born. This instrument vehicle from Xinjiang Petroleum Administration in collaboration with the Xi'an Petroleum Instrument successfully developed . Equipped with advanced logging tool and DC58-1 3500m winch. The car is also loaded " perforation ", "eight three" , "multi-functional completion ", "small CNC " and other sorrowful jingyiren .

  44 , the earliest Chinese oil bodies are 13 years of the Qing dynasty in 1887 established in Taiwan Miaoli mineral oil Bureau , the host command Linchao Dong Taiwan .

  45 , the Chinese mainland 's first oil field was established in 1905 " to extend the oil field " , the first director Chan Chun Xia .

  46 , China's first oil is June 1, 1946 established the "Taiwan Chinese oil companies ."

  47 , China's first natural oil base is October 8, 1957 built " Yumen oil fields ."

  48 , China Petroleum Administration was first established in April 1950 the Ministry of Fuel Industry held in Beijing the first national conference on the oil industry , " the Ministry of Industry Petroleum Authority of fuel ," today 's first -generation Secretary Xu Qiang , in 1953 the World Health director- thinking .

  49 , China's first Ministry of Petroleum Industry was established July 30, 1955 the second meeting of the first session of the National People's Congress, China revocation of the fuel industry. The establishment of the Ministry of Petroleum Industry , First Minister Li Jukui ; February 1958 1l day I fall in any of the Minister ; January 17, 1975 , Kang Shien Minister of the Ministry of Petroleum Chemical Industry ; Ministry of Petroleum Industry March 5, 1978 ,宋振民any Minister ; 1981 , Kang Shien Minister of the Ministry of Petroleum industry ; May 4, 1982 , Don Minister of the Ministry of Petroleum industry ; June 18, 1982 , Wang Tao, Minister of the Ministry of Petroleum industry , June 18, 1985 he was named the Department of Energy General Manager of oil and Natural Gas Corporation , September 17, 1988 formally established the "China National Petroleum Corporation ," Wang Tao served as the first general manager , deputy general manager Zhou Yongkang .

  On February 50,1965 , the CPC Central Committee on Petroleum Industry established , first secretary Kangshi Si .

  51,1978 On October 12 , China Petroleum Institute was established in Beijing , Hou Xianglin any president .

  52,1982 On February 25 , China National Offshore Oil Corporation was established in Beijing , Wen Qin Cai president.

  53 , China 's first " Union Oil " on January 9, 1983 was established . By the Ministry of Foreign Trade , China National Petroleum Corporation, owned China National Petroleum Sales Company , China Petroleum Exploration and Development Corporation , China National Chemicals Import and Export Corporation , the principle of combining industry and trade co- founder of the investment .

  54 , China's first oil exchange - the "Nanjing Petroleum Exchange, " on March 6, 1993 opening.

  China 's largest oil exchange - " Shanghai Petroleum Exchange " on May 3, 1993 opening.

  55 , China 's first professional bookstore eleven Beijing Petroleum Petroleum Technology bookstore , on June 26, 1993 officially opened.

  56 , China's first oil Talent Education Institute in 1993, March 9 to 11 in Beijing Changping established and held its first academic conference .

  57 , China's first oil refinery soil is 1920 , 8000 , Xinjiang Pan Zuhuan personal investment and lending thirty-two thousand taels of silver , to hire Russian engineers in Urumqi Wangjiagou Youquanzi oil sands mining , oil refining by distillation , Nissan more than 50 kg .

  58 , China's first oil refinery in 1911 to establish formal Urumqi process plant , in 1934 moved to Anjihai refineries, July 1936 merger of Dushanzi refinery.

  59 , China's first oil shale plant was established in 1928, Huadian shale oil plant .

  60 , after the founding of New China's first breakthrough was with oil exploration on October 29, 1955 End of black oil drilled oil wells found in the mountains on the 1st Karamay Oilfield .

  August 61,1973 , Gas Pipeline Bureau was established , Zhu Hongchang director- , He Chenghua secretary.

  62 , China 's first drilling crew in 1878 in Miaoli, Taiwan established oil fields , drilling of the first well , " Miao 1 well ."

  63 , China 's first "March" Women's drilling team on August 7, 1958 Founded in Karamay Oilfield . Lindau 's first captain and the first branch secretary Wu Shuhua . 33 a team of 42 people .

  64 , China 's first "March" Women's oil production crew in July 1958 15 H was founded in Karamay Oilfield . Wang Song, the first captain of snow , the first branch secretary at Yu , WU Pei red .

  65,1970 On November 15 , China's oil history's most famous national labor model, the CPC Central Committee, the Third National People's Congress in Beijing, Wang Jinxi illness , died aged 47 .

  66 , China's first export of crude oil in 1962 , production of crude oil from the Daqing Oilfield , in October 1974 in June , Shengli Oilfield by Huangdao Philippine exports .

  On 4 December 67,1963 , Premier Zhou Enlai solemnly announced at the fourth meeting of the second session of the National People's Congress on the world, " China needs oil , is now ready to self-sufficiency ." Chinese people use ' kerosene ' era , is about gone . "

  68 , imports from China for the first time with a kerosene lamp U.S. is 1863 , the Qing Tongzhi years , when imports of 2,100 gallons ( about 7 tons ) . Since then, China has become the dumping kerosene market .

  69,1978 On December 18 , China's crude oil output reached 100 million tons , into the ranks of the world's major oil producing countries , listed eighth in the world .

  70 , China began large-scale processing of imported crude oil in 1988 . At that time , fewer species , confined to India Niemi Nas oil , Oman Oil , Malaysia oil, light oil in Iran , Pakistan, but oil five or six varieties.

  71 , China since 1995 , direct import of crude oil from the Gulf countries . 1995 years ago to buy oil from the international oil companies .

  September 72,1979 , held in Bucharest, Romania Tenth World Petroleum Congress , accept the Chinese National Committee of the World Petroleum Congress is the only legitimate Chinese National Committee .

  73 , China's first "National Conference of oil and gas exploration and development markets " , May 1993 was held from 13 to 15, by the China National Petroleum Corporation in Karamay .

  74 , 1992, Chinese oil companies to enter the top 100 enterprises in the oil field are: Shengli Oilfield ( 11 ) ; Daqing Oilfield ( 13 ) ; Liaohe Oilfield ( 22 ) ; Xinjiang Oilfield ( 30 ) ; Huabei Oilfield ( 50 ) ; Dagang Oilfield ( 59 ) , Zhongyuan Oilfield ( 76 ) . Hundred enterprises and medium-sized enterprises based on technology developed annual basis , according to the basic elements of the enterprise, science and technology investment , decision-making and management, projects and results, competition and the transfer of technology to improve the economic efficiency of 18 indicators in six areas , from the National 17,000 companies in the use of mathematical calculation method derived composite index , and verify generated .

  75 , China National Petroleum Corporation on April 30, 1993 , the first rewards Daqing water control systems engineering 15 active staff : Wang Zhiwu (c million) , Gu Xinyi , Shi Xingquan , Hu Chaoyuan ( two each million) Wu Qi , the Li Helin , Liu articles , Zhou Deming , Du Yin Yue , cattle Asian Bin, Tian Guang Shu , Tianzong Min Jiang Tian , Hsin- Lin, Shen honest ( each ten thousand five thousand).

  76 , Wang Tao , general manager of China National Petroleum Corporation , March 29, 1993 , the first visit by the delegation led by China Petroleum USA .

  77 , China 's first oil companies to reach the national level enterprises are the Daqing Oilfield , the time in 1990 .

  78 , Chairman Mao Zedong to the oil workers first inscription reads: May 20, 1944 as the first director of Yanchang Oilfield Zhen- Xia ( one of the eight border Lamor ) inscription. Inscription is: " work hard ."

  79 , China's first group photo with U.S. President Bill Clinton 's oil workers are - Henan oilfield female engineer Louzhen Ying Institute of Technology , Time: January 16, 1993 , President Clinton moved to the White House that afternoon .

  80 , China's first cycling tours oil workers are - a factory worker in North China Oilfield Ho Sheng . 1991 from Qingdao - Shanghai - Xinjiang ( ie Beijing - Hashemi trip ) , travel more than 10,000 km.

  1993 a " roof of the world tour " will by Shijiazhuang - Taiyuan - Xian - Chengdu - Panzhihua - Lhasa - Shigatse , travel 10,000 kilometers . This trip was unique cycling around the border with the Beijing Miss Yu Juanjuan accompanied .

  81 , China's oil system for the first time broke into the labor market in Southeast Asia is China's Sichuan Petroleum Administration , May 1993 Departure 38 pressure vessel welder . Group of 19 to 35 years old , with a high school education , four or more technical certificate of young workers , the giant wing shipyard in Singapore for two years .

  82 , "the first national oil costume contest" held in 1991 in Sichuan , China Petroleum and the United States by the Concord joint initiative of Sichuan Petroleum Administration , 46 models from 12 oilfields competition.

  83 , China's first onshore petroleum engineering exhibition -cum- workshop. Opened in Guangzhou, December 9, 1986 .

  84 , the first Chinese oil exploration risk contract , in May 28, 1985 , by the China Petroleum Development Company of Hainan with the Australian company CSR Sugar Company signed .

  85 , Chinese Ministry of Petroleum Industry Geophysical Exploration Company of three companies in June 1, 1985 , to organize a hundred people in the desert seismic crews , for the first time into the Lop Nur region in eastern Tarim Basin .

  86 , China in Dalian, Qingdao, in August 1985 , for the first time to build a 200,000-ton oil terminal .

  87,1985 On December 21 , the first input of natural gas Huabei Oilfield capital - Beijing .

  88,1982 April 11 , 1205 in Daqing drilling crew drilling footage Pobai ten thousand meters mark. The team was established in 1953, was the first to break one million meters of drilling crew .

  89 , China on January 30, 1982 , has issued the " People's Republic of China Foreign Cooperation Exploitation of Offshore Petroleum Resources ." Meanwhile promulgated the " Foreign Exchange Management Regulations", " Marine Environmental Protection ", " Maritime Traffic Safety Law" and other laws and regulations relating to tax law .

  90 , the new China 's first oil industry schools are : November 12, 1950 the school - the school of Dalian oil industry , in 1953 moved to scramble along , to the Ministry of the central fuel industry " Fushun Petroleum school ." 1958 was promoted to " Fushun Petroleum Institute ." 1983 directly under the Ministry of Petroleum Industry . January 1984 was placed under the China Petrochemical Corporation .

  91 , China's first oil colleges are : October 1, 1953 the school - the Beijing Petroleum Institute . Is based on the instruction of Premier Zhou Enlai , Department of Chemical Engineering at Tsinghua University and Dalian Institute of Chemical professional petroleum fuels combined professional and other relevant professional institution established on the basis of . First president and party secretary Yan Ziyuan . As of June 1993 , the country registered a total of six universities oil : Xi'an Petroleum Institute, Petroleum University, Jianghan Petroleum Institute , Southwest Petroleum Institute , Daqing Petroleum Institute, Xinjiang Petroleum Institute .

  92 , the first meeting of the Ministry of Petroleum Exploration and Chinese petroleum industry was held in January 1956 .

  93 , the history of Chinese oil transport famous " Far East crude oil " is November 1, 1953 , to play with the facts from the Yumen car transport crude oil between chaigou . July 1, 1956 , Lan-Xin Railway opened to Yumen , before switching to the East Railway transport .

  94 , China's largest sedimentary basin in the Tarim Basin , an area of 560,000 square kilometers , is located in the center of the Eurasian continent , from all directions to the coastline are 4,000 kilometers, the total area of the basin of the Taklimakan Desert 33.7 square kilometers, second only to the Sahara Desert , ranking second in the world .

  On 1 January 95,1990 , CCTV broadcast reflect oil busy pioneering first feature film - " Iron Man ."

  96 , China 's largest commercial oil transit base - Zhoushan six bases in the oil company , a project on August 5, 1993 formally put into production , and create five highest in the country : ( 1 ) the country 's largest 100,000 m3 Spodiopogon Wharf ( 3 ) 168 m Approach Approach for the domestic large berth shortest , lowest cost , ( 4 ) 60 meters remote firefighting foam water gun range for the country 's largest -caliber fire water cannons . ( 5 ) 16:00 pipeline 135 degrees in elevation , within the range of about 80 degrees to use similar equipment for China's largest one .

  97 , China's five major petrochemical base : Yanshan , Daqing, Qilu , Yangzi , Jinshan .

  98, China's four chemical bases : Liaoyang , Tianjin, Jinshan , SVW .

  99 , Chinese oil well logging founding professional history - Professor Wang Yuecai . 1954 , graduated from Beijing Petroleum Institute , engaged in education and teaching and research work in 1993 was 70 years old.

  100 , one of the oil History of China , Sept. 25, 1949 , Yumen liberation , camp commander Peng Kang Shien serving former Northwest Field Army took over Yumen , either military chief representative . Peng Kang said: "Have you ever studied geology at Tsinghua University , and now send you to the oil fields to work, you want to protect him and building ."

  101 , History of Chinese Petroleum II: February 1952 , the Central People's Liberation Army decided Nineteenth Army fifty-seventh division adapted for petroleum engineering first division commander Zhang Fu Zhen , political commissar Zhang Wenbin collective jobs to the oil front. Command Chairman Mao said: "I approve the Chinese People's Liberation Army fifty-seventh nineteenth petroleum engineering division into the first division of the Chinese People's Liberation adaptation plans will be glorious motherland assigns you the task of economic construction is long past you . there is a high degree of organization and discipline of the combat team through exercise, I believe you on the front production and construction, become skilled construction commando . " After the division of oil drilling jobs quickly formed into a ball ( drilling ) of various groups and cadres to study tours to teach two groups of three groups transport infrastructure .

  102 , History of the three Chinese oil : in 1958 , the first session of the National People's Congress , Premier Zhou Enlai please Qiu Jin Yu served as minister of the oil industry , in the afternoon , Chairman Mao Zedong in Zhongnanhai autumn chrysanthemum tea estates summoned Comrade Yu Li . This is the minister of Geology Siguang reported grand Chinese oil resources , after the fall of Premier Zhou Enlai in the report , more than the oil industry minister , immediate approval of Chairman Mao : "OK, I

  Autumn in the comrades I know , " I fall in - ! Rank of lieutenant , 43 years old, is one of my eighteen -armed People's Liberation Army general , former Chinese People's Liberation

  Army political commissar of the General Logistics Department .

  103.1992 In January 2009, China's first large gas fields discovered in eastern Qaidam Cenozoic Quaternary strata . The size of the field of vision of a world-class field level up .

  104.1993 January Tarim Basin desert found a ready reserve more than one hundred million tons of large oil fields. This is by far the most significant to 1993 on the Tarim Petroleum Exploration and discovery.

  105.1993 July 10 laminated oil was first discovered in the Tarim Basin sandstone of Jurassic southeast Depression , the total thickness of 150 m .

  106.1994 March Jiangsu find a ready reserve of millions of tons of oil - Cui oilfield .

  107 , Shaanxi-Beijing Pipeline , gas supply to Beijing . Changqing gas field in Shaanxi-Gansu region in the eighties and nineties exploration progress quickly , has proven natural gas reserves of 300 billion cubic meters. This is a result of our decision to West-East natural gas is not . Changqing gas field while Beijing is the State Council to improve the capital environment , a major decision to improve the people's quality of life , completed in 1997, the Shaanxi-Beijing gas pipeline makes Beijing through the use of natural gas to reduce air pollution become a reality.

  Shaanxi-Beijing Pipeline total length of 918.42 km, diameter 660 mm , west of Jingbian County , east of Beijing Shijingshan District Yamenkou end station , is China's onshore natural gas is currently the longest , largest diameter of a pipeline. This pipeline by the time the China National Petroleum Corporation and the Beijing Municipal People's Government of the joint venture .

  108. Tarim Desert Highway .

  Tarim Desert Highway is mainly for the development of oil fields in the hinterland of the Taklimakan Desert and the construction of a total length of 552 kilometers, of which the desert section 446 kilometers north of the Mongolian Autonomous Autonomous Prefecture Luntai Bayinguoleng 9kms 314 State Road , Hotan region south Minfeng 22 km east State Road 315 , the 314 State Road and State Road 315 together. In September 1995 through the full range of practices . Road built so that the " sea of death " thoroughfare , shortened to 500 km from Luntai Hotan Prefecture away.

  109.1996 March Yingge Sea Basin in the South China Sea, discovered and confirmed China 's second largest offshore gas field - Dongfang 1-1 gas field .

  110. L997 November Qaidam for major discoveries of oil and gas exploration , bringing Qaidam oil field scale ranks first four .

  111 by the end of 1997 , China's crude oil output reached 160 million tons , the world's fifth column ; annual crude oil processing capacity has reached 226 million tons , ranking the first three in the world ; ethylene capacity of 400 tons / year , ranking fifth in the world ; fertilizer production of 28.21 million tons ( pure) , ranked one of the world ; pesticides, soda , sulfuric acid, dye production ranks second in the world . Caustic soda production reached 5.74 million tons , ranking the first three in the world .

  112. Built China's first eleven Jilin Chemical Base

  Jilin Chemical Group Corporation ( former Jilin Chemical Industrial Company , referred Jilin ) is a national " fifteen " during the construction of the " big three " of ( dye , fertilizer plants , acetylene plants ) as a symbol of the first chemical base , and later Chemical fronts become " red flag ." As of the end of February 1999 , Jilin Chemical Group company has fixed assets of 29.33 billion yuan , net fixed assets of 23.34 billion yuan , with 466 sets of production equipment , annual crude oil processing capacity of 500 tons, the annual ethylene production capacity 4j tons, production a dozen series of more than 1000 kinds of products, has become regional, cross the large petrochemical complex .

  113 China's largest offshore gas field - . Yacheng 13 -1 gas field into operation to supply Hong Kong

  Yacheng 13 -1 gas field is located in the southern waters of Hainan Island , 100 km away from Sanya to Hong Kong , proven gas-bearing area of 45.2 square kilometers , 88.5 billion cubic meters of natural gas reserves , the country 's largest offshore gas field discovered . Yacheng 13 -1 gas field by the China National Offshore Oil Corporation Limited and China and the United States Arco Kuwait Koppe grams China Cooperation Development Company Limited . October 24, 1992 , Hong Kong successfully tested gas supply , January 1, 1996 officially aspirated to Hong Kong , mainly for power generation ; March 1 to Hainan gas, mainly for power generation and the production of fertilizers. By 1998, the cumulative gas production 9.5 billion cubic meters of gas , producing 150,000 tons of condensate .

  . 114 March 18, 1999 , the Agricultural Bank of China branch of the Zhejiang Province , Zhejiang Province, the largest private chemical companies - Zhejiang Communication Chemical Corporation issued $ 100 million loan Credit first pen .

  115 . 26 April 1999 , after the famous meeting of petroleum geology expert assessment considers the western Tarim Basin , Qaidam Basin , Sichuan, Chongqing, Shaanxi, Gansu and Ningxia basin and basin country after years of oil and gas exploration and development , has formed four national gas fields , organization and implementation of China's natural gas project has laid a solid resource base.

  116.1999 August 2009, China National Petroleum Corporation , China Petrochemical Group two groups a whole new restructuring . Restructuring is in accordance with the professional, market-oriented , modern requirements, follow the main industry and secondary industry separation, separation of good assets and bad assets , social functions and business functions of the separation principle , which aims to accelerate the establishment of modern enterprise system .

  117.1999 mid-December merged with Sinopec National Star Petroleum .

  118.1998 In May 2009, the Pearl River Mouth Basin discovered a new oil field - Panyu 4 -2 oilfield . This is the second in the East China Sea Huizhou , Lufeng , West Department , Liuhua four oilfields in the first five oilfields .

  119.1998 October , China's Bohai oilfield in Bohai Shijiutuo convex structure in the waters bring discovered three medium-sized oil fields. This is the Chinese offshore oil field after SZ 361 , and a large oil reserves of over 300 million tons in the area .

  120 grams of Kuqa Depression - By tectonic zone : 1998 new control 185.645 billion cubic meters of natural gas reserves , the new forecast reserves 170.688 billion cubic meters , is expected to gram - depending on the size of tectonic belt is a one hundred million in 3000-5000 cubic meters of high abundance , high gas zone .

  121.1998 in Junggar Basin in northern Mozambique : new reserves of 52.6 million tons control , the new forecast reserves of 41.32 million tons , and the monolayer thickness, reservoir quality is good , the prediction is a great potential for exploration and development prospects of good nearly hundred million tons Oilfield .

  122.1998 in northern Ordos Basin in Mesozoic : Grains City Delta Abe - City found five higher grain yield Jurassic reservoir properties , high yield, new proven geological reserves of 25.91 million tons of oil , Zhi Jing Delta sickle Bay added 15.07 million tons of proven oil reserves .

  123.1998 Dukouhe structure in Sichuan Basin : in 1998 there are new breakthroughs , the cumulative 27.17 billion cubic meters of proven , Proved plus forecasts of 45 billion cubic meters .

  124.1998 years Sanhu area taijnar structure : Daikichi 1 well was yielding airflow through scientific research , quantitative solve the seismic velocity changes caused by the gas-bearing reservoirs , the delineation of the gas-bearing area , to achieve control reserves 27.741 billion cubic meters

  125.1999 March , Jiangsu Oilfield find thick layer of oil and gas , Yangzhou Shanian area also has good oil and gas shows . Thus in this region can form a million-ton oil reserves in block group .

  126.1999 April , Dagang Oilfield found a large oil and gas reserves of over 100 million tons of oil buried hill structure - " Buried Hill Tracts Qianmiqiao " hundred million tons of oil and gas structures .

  127. Pinghu oil and gas field in full production at 5:30 on March 26, 1999 , Pinghu oil and gas production of natural gas successfully reach Shanghai Nanhui terminal. Pinghu oil and gas field is the first built in the East China Sea oil and gas fields . It is located more than 360 km on the east of Shanghai sea from Shanghai , Nova oil company , China National Offshore Oil Corporation tripartite joint venture , is responsible for the construction of the China Sea oil and served for two years after the commissioning of the operator . After the operation , the daily supply of 400,000 cubic meters of natural gas to Shanghai citizens , after a year , the production capacity can be increased to a steady supply of 1.2 million cubic meters of natural gas per day level .

  128. Bohai oilfield discovered hundred million tons .

  July 14, 1999 China CNOOC publicly released message : Located in the middle of the Penglai 19-3 in Bohai Bay constructed for major oil and gas discovery , discovery oil well logging interpretation thickness 217 m , followed by the playing of the thickness of the oil appraisal well log interpretation 228 m . After testing, since the spray Nissan 110-127 cubic meters of oil , natural gas, more than 5000 cubic meters , more than initially estimated reserves of 100 million tons .

  129. Dagang Oilfield Company found that " ancient Paleozoic reservoir " reservoir

  At the first port of Paleozoic tectonic wildcat Wumaying hill on Cangzhou , Hebei Province - Ukrainian Deep 1 well , awarded by acidification transformation yielding airflow. This is a major breakthrough in the Dagang District Qianmiqiao after discovery hundred million tons "new old reservoir " type of buried hill reservoir exploration . December 9, 1999 , Dagang this acidification oil test wells , with 12 mm choke demand production , Nissan 137,000 cubic meters of natural gas . At this point, the flames ignited two people , according to the Southern District of Dagang red sky , demonstrating " the ancient Paleozoic reservoir " type of good prospects for oil and gas exploration .

  130. CACT Operators Group labeled side of the deepest drilling

  Successful side in 1999 before the CACT Operators Group Diamond Pearl River Mouth Basin of the South China Sea Huizhou 26-1-7SB wells, depth of 3665 meters , the bottom horizontal displacement of 2,300 meters , setting a record of the deepest drilling side .

  131 River Mouth re- discovery exploration

  Early November 1999 in the South China Sea in the Pearl River Estuary Santa Fe Contract Area 15 /14 blocks awarded new discovery. Panyu 5-1-1 wildcat new oil wells located 18 km east of 4-2 at Panyu structure has been found about 120 meters of net oil-bearing sandstones , distributed in 20 oil layer . Preliminary estimates indicate that this new discovery will be the second commercial discovery area .

  132. Jinzhou 9-3 oilfield put into operation

  October 30, 1999 , the Jinzhou 9-3 oilfield in Bohai put into operation , the field is located in the northern part of Liaodong Bay of Bohai Sea , 53 kilometers away from Huludao City , 28 km from the coast , oil field area of 18.9 square kilometers , geological reserves of 30.8 million tons , annual production capacity of 1 million tons , designed mine life of 15 years.

  133.1999 , China National Petroleum Corporation and China National Offshore Oil Corporation to promote the overseas market.

  134.2000 January Sino-US cooperation in oil exploration for high-yielding , according to Hong Kong media reports , the U.S. oil company Kerr-McGee in the Bohai Sea shallow exploration wells drilled recently awarded the first port high oil flow . After testing, 395 cubic meters of crude oil production . This well is located in the western waters of the Bohai Sea , about 40 km east from Tanggu , was the Bohai Shatin base raised on a large drape anticline , constructed area of over 20 square kilometers .

  135 of China 's largest pipelay vessel started construction crane

  January 10, 2000 , China's largest pipelay vessel started construction crane , construction contract signing ceremony was held in Beijing on December 21, 1999 . American Hout Group is the general contractor , Yantai Raffles shipyard hull construction subcontractors. Ship crane pipelay vessel lifting capacity of 3,800 tons , is China's largest crane lifting capacity in the current , and full rotation , but with a shop pipelines, offshore crane and pipelay have a dual function . It's built , not only to adapt to the needs of Chinese offshore oil and gas field development and construction of large-scale , but also greatly enhanced the CNOOC Offshore Oil Engineering Company


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